SHOW | HIDE "BRAZILIAN POP & JAZZ TROPICALIA..." DESCRIPTION...
The African-derived samba is the most famous dance of Brazil and its Pre-Lenten Carnival celebrations, existing in many forms, and based on heavy syncopation above a shuffling 2/4 beat. Bossa nova ("new wave") is a fusion of cool jazz with Brazilian rhythms, especially samba, developed in the 1950s and popularised by the likes of Antônio Carlos Jobim and João Gilberto. Bossa nova enjoyed a short-lived craze after the international success of the 1964 Stan Getz / João Gilberto recording of "The Girl From Ipanema" sung by Astrud Gilberto; the song became the subject of numerous cover versions. Forró is the jaunty accordion-led music of northeast Brazil; the accordionist and singer Luiz Gonzaga (1912-1989) is credited as being the first to popularise the genre outside its native region during the 1940s. Brazilian pop & jazz includes modern Música Popular Brasileira (literally "Brazilian Popular Music"), or MPB, a loose catch all expression that refers to the voice and guitar-based style of pop music that emerged in the late 1960s as well as any type of music with Brazilian origins. Leading MPB stars include Chico Buarque, Milton Nascimento and Elis Regina (1945-1982). Tropicália (also known as Tropicalismo) is a politically oriented blend of traditional Brazilian music and rock pioneered by Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso and others in the late 1960s. - John Child