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Reggaetón is a turntable-based style with roots in Jamaican dancehall, Panamanian reggae en español and US hip-hop developed by MCs and DJs in Puerto Rico. Making predominant use of the dembow riddem (after the 1991 Jamaican dancehall hit "Dem Bow" by Shabba Ranks), the distinct and recognisable reggaetón style coalesced in the mid-'90s. Reggaetón crossed over into the English language hip-hop and mainstream markets with Daddy Yankee's 2004 international hit single "Gasolina" from his all-Spanish CD Barrio Fino (Universal) that reached number 26 in the Billboard Top 200 albums. Hyped as the "next big thing", by 2006 the reggaetón explosion had pretty run its course. Other significant reggaetón artists include Tego Calderón and Don Omar. Panamanian reggae en español star El General is widely regarded as the "Godfather of Reggaetón". Latin hip-hop is an umbrella term for hip-hop music performed by Latinos, whose involvement in the genre is believed to date back to the mid-'70s. Key figures in the history of Latin hip-hop include Cuban-born Mellow Man Ace, the "Godfather of Latin rap", who had a major crossover hit in 1989 with the Spanglish rhyming "Mentirosa", and Chicano rapper Kid Frost. Also notable are the Nuyorican rappers Big Pun (1971-2000) and Fat Joe, who attained mainstream success in the '90s, and Pitbull, the Miami-based Cuban-American rapper who became a worldwide name in the late 2000s. A faster Latin hip-hop-based form called freestyle or Latin freestyle was developed by New York Puerto Ricans in the '80s and popularised by DJs Jellybean Benítez and Little Louie Vega. Freestyle declined in influence in the early '90s due to lack of airplay and promotion. Former freestyle performers La India and Marc Anthony went on to make successful careers in salsa. Hip-hop reached Cuba in the '90s; after initial resistance, the regime recognised the genre as an authentic expression of Cuban culture at the end of the decade. French-based Orishas became the first Cuban hip-hop group to achieve international fame. La Corte became international flag-bearers for Venezuelan hip-hop in the 2000s. - John Child