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Salsa Venezolana is salsa made in, or associated with, Venezuela. Pioneers of the initial phase of salsa venezolana between 1962 and '68 include Sexteto Juventud (featuring vocalist Carlos Quintana "Tabaco"), Los Dementes (led by Ray Pérez) and Federico y su Combo Latino. Following a period of decline (1968 to mid-'70s), the successful debut performance by the New York-based Fania All Stars in Venezuela in 1974 stimulated a resurgence of the local scene. New bands formed and overlooked existing bands like Dimensión Latina (founded in the early '70s) rose to fame. Salsa venezolana boomed between the mid-'70s and early '80s. Key names of the boom include Oscar D'León (who had left Dimensión Latina in '76 to go solo), La Salsa Mayor (D'León's backing band '76-'78), Grupo Mango, Sonero Clásico del Caribe and El Trabuco Venezolana. While salsa venezolana was in the doldrums during the mid-'80s, D'León began working intensively on the international scene and became Venezuela's first world salsa superstar. Salsa venezolana underwent a minor revival in the 2000s with the release of new recordings by Bailatino, Cheo Navarro, Orquesta Magia Caribeña (led by the son of Federico), Joel Uriola and Nati, among others, and reissue of vintage material. - John Child